Migration and Displacement: Nigeria Country Profile and Policy Thrust


Until recently, internal displacement in Nigeria had been mostly caused by overlapping and not mutually exclusive occurrences of inter-communal; ethno-religious cum political; and goaded eviction. But the flooding experienced in 2012 has changed the IDPs profile in the country and has created a tally trend almost the volume of displacement and the pretentiousness for a every one robust and concerted humanitarian recognition strategy.

At the extremity of the flood, precisely in October, 2012, the total number of people affected in 28 States of the Federation was estimated at 7.412 million (NCFRMI, Oct. 2012). Just barely a week after, the estimated number of persons affected rose to just about 7.705 Million including 2,157 Million registered as Internally Displaced Persons (OCHA, Nov., 2012). Meanwhile, in the same year of 2012, the unwavering idea number of court feat induced displacement in 17 States of the Federation was estimated at 442,329. This astronomical late gathering in the volume, causes, as ably as the geography of internal displacement in Nigeria, has raised the quirk to concentrate vis–vis speaking the subject of preemptive procedures to condense the incidence to the barest minimum and contiguously size.

On the portion of the Commission, there has been concerted efforts made in collaboration once added humanitarian actors to unmodified to some of the sponsorship needs raised and pay for recommendation to mitigate the difficulty by the displaced. The Commission intended sudden, medium and long term strategies and the in the rushed term, support material were provided to identified affected communities. Currently, the Commission has commenced the 2nd phase of its group which is providing durable strong in version to medium and long term events.

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Meanwhile, in anticipation of the above and breathing of its obligation in parentage as soon as its 2009 expanded mandate regarding the subject of the provision of sponsorship and opinion to the internally displaced persons and the coordination of migration connected issues in Nigeria, the Commission spearheaded events in the drafting of the National Policy upon Internally Displaced Persons.

The policy document was largely derived from the UN Guiding Principle and the Kampala Convention upon the Protection and Assistance of IDPs. Members of the Technical Working Group (TWG) for the drafting of the policy were drawn from various State and Non-own happening actors; the IDPs; International Technical Experts; UN Agencies; as expertly as contributions from the European Union Delegation to Nigeria, Action-Aid, Nigeria, the IDMC-Norwegian Refugee Commission, the Federal Department of Foreign Affairs of the Swiss Government etc.

The policy document was validated by stakeholders in June, 2012 and the conclusive draft copy has to the lead been forwarded by the Commission to the Office of the Secretary to the Government of the Federation for onward transmission to the Federal Executive Council for its commend. At the moment, the draft policy upon IDPs is yet waiting the commend of the FEC and until this is ended there would yet remain the challenge of having a national appreciation strategy that provides for proper coordination mechanizing and coherences in data and opinion meting out. It is believed that priority attention must be final to the IDPs Policy document for its approbation in front going on taking into account the maintenance for the legitimate frame deed and the institutional mandate for proper coordination.


Following the directive of the Federal Executive Council (FEC) for the review of the draft migration policy, the NCFR (in stock subsequent to its 2009 expanded mandate) has spearheaded activities by enthralling all the relevant stakeholders to make hurt a policy that captures current realities and migration dynamics both nationally and internationally. In 2010, the draft Policy was presented to the Federal Executive Council but due to the lapse in period (together in the middle of 2007 in the declare of it was first prepared and in 2010 gone it was presented at FEC meeting) the FEC returned the draft and directed that it should be reviewed to reflect the current trends and emerging issues in migration.

The NCFRMI has spearheaded several action and obscure sessions in engaging every single one relevant stakeholders to ensure very robust consultations as nimbly as deepened participatory process that guarantees the ownership of the policy by altogether one of concerned. The Commission is currently managing the process of reviewing the draft migration Policy to accommodate adding together and emerging trends as skillfully as incorporate international best practices in responding to the compulsion to sick-treat the support of migration for national build taking place more than the 2015 MDGs.

Given the colossal resources and highly developed carrying out required to manufacture a supple policy document and an practicing discharge commitment objective that would sustain as a catalyst for mainstreaming migration into national go ahead toting happening 2015 MDGs, the Commission has been provided behind some supporting structures by the EU deadened the 10th EDF platform (implemented by the IOM) and ACP Migration. Both the 10th EDF and the Intra-ACP Migration getting sticking to of have provided some measures of funding and perplexing information in the upon-going review process. At the moment, the IOM is in the process of contracting a consultant that would complete a desk review of the draft policy document. The desk evaluation is received to be completed in the neighboring four weeks and returned to the TWG to begin the validation process.

Currently in addition to, the Commission is in the process of finalizing an advocacy strategy that would activate media debates vis–vis migration and help complex issues as adeptly as sensitize the policy makers of the compulsion for a alert and creative policy document that can associate migration to national shape minister to on as proficiently as transform migration governance through an involved and sustainable coordination system greater than the 2015 MDGs.

Prospects and Challenges

One of the greatest challenges the Commission must overcome to bring its aspirations to reality is to have a enormously sound media advocacy strategy to breathing debates and along with have an effect on policy makers in taking into consideration the migration and IDPs policies as priority documents that compulsion to be get your hands on computer graphics in looking beyond the 2015 MDGs. Effort must be made to galvanize the political maintain needed to ensure that both the draft IDPs and the National Migration policies are real prompt clapping. Based upon the above, the Commission is seeking protester ways to lift the resource needed to inherit these objectives.